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VKJ Law Offices of Vinay K. Jain Advocates & Solicitors

TN & Karnataka have max no of SEZs

NEW DELHI, JULY 18, 2019: THERE were 7 Central Government Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and 12 State/Private Sector SEZs prior to the enactment of the SEZ Act, 2005.  In addition, 416 proposals for setting up of SEZs in the country have been accorded formal approval under the SEZ Act, 2005.  Presently, 351 SEZs are notified, out of which 232 SEZs are operational.  States/Union Territories-wise details of SEZs is at Annexure-I.

SEZs being set up under the SEZ Act, 2005 and SEZ Rule, 2006 are primarily private investment driven. As per the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) may be established either jointly or severally by the Central Government, State Governments or any person for manufacture of goods or rendering services or for both or as a Free Trade and Warehousing Zone.  Proposals for setting up of SEZs are considered by the Board of Approval only after written consent of the concerned State Government.  No proposal for establishment of Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Bihar is pending with the Department of Commerce at present.

As per Section 30 of the SEZ Act, 2005, any goods removed from a SEZ to the Domestic Tariff Area shall be chargeable to duties of customs including anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguard duties under the Customs Tariff Act, 1975, where applicable, as leviable on such goods when imported.  The revenue received by the Government from developed SEZ during the last five years, year-wise is as below:

Year-wise revenue from duty for the Domestic Tariff Area Sale Transactions
YearDuty Amount Paid (Rs. Crores)
2014-153,035
2015-164,183
2016-175,528
2017-1818,095
2018-1926,810

Annexure-1

States/Union Territories-wise distribution of approved SEZs
States/UTsCentral Government SEZs set up prior to the enactment of SEZs Act, 2005State Government/ Private Sector SEZs set up prior to the enactment of SEZs Act, 2005Formal Approvals granted  under the SEZs Act, 2005Notified SEZs under the SEZ Act, 2005Total Operational SEZs  (Including prior to SEZs Act + under the SEZs Act)
Andhra Pradesh10322719
Chandigarh00222
Chhattisgarh00211
Delhi00200
Goa00730
Gujarat12282420
Haryana0024216
Jharkhand00110
Karnataka00625131
Kerala10292519
Madhya Pradesh011055
Maharashtra10494330
Manipur00110
Nagaland00220
Odisha00755
Puducherry00100
Punjab00533
Rajasthan02543
Tamil Nadu14535040
Telangana00635729
Uttar Pradesh11242112
West Bengal12757
GRAND TOTAL712416351232

This information was given by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Mr Hardeep Singh Puri, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha yesterday.

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